Gymnastics is a sports discipline that dates back to the end of the 18th and 19th centuries and began to be practiced in Germany. Over time it evolved and today we already see it incorporated as another sport. It is focused on the execution of systematic sequences of physical exercises in order to develop certain bodily skills. Artistic and rhythmic gymnastics, although they seem similar, differ both in execution and in the apparatus used during training.
Artistic gymnastics consists of performing choreographic compositions that combine speed and body movements. It began to be an Olympic discipline for men in 1896 and feminine from 1928. In competition, a single apparatus or several may have been used to perform the movements. In the latter case, the gymnast performs an exercise in each one and adds the different grades to obtain a final score.
For its part, rhythmic gymnastics refers to the sports discipline that combines elements of ballet, gymnastics and dance, as well as the use of various devices such as rope, hoop, ball, maces and ribbon. It is usually accompanied by music to keep a rhythm in the movements, making an assembly with or without an apparatus. She has been an Olympian since the 1984 Los Angeles Games.
How are the two disciplines different?
- Modality: Rhythmic gymnastics is characterized by having individual and group categories, while artistic gymnastics presents only an individual competition format. In addition, artistic gymnastics differs in that athletes do not use accessories but rather apparatus, while in rhythmic gymnastics the former are a fundamental component.
- Tapestry: For demonstrations, the competition tapestry for each discipline varies, in artistic gymnastics it measures 12×12, while in rhythmic it measures 13×13.
- Scoring: Rhythmic gymnastics is characterized by rating the difficulty, the artistic part, and the performance, while artistic gymnastics only scores the difficulty and performance.
- Apparatus: In Rhythmic Gymnastics there are 5 apparatuses, they are: Rope, hoop, ball, tape and mallets, when the feminine artistic gymnastics consists of four apparatuses: jump, uneven bars, balance beam and exercises on the floor. Male artistic gymnastics consists of six apparatus: floor exercises, horse with bows, rings, jump, parallel bars and fixed bar. The devices used in rhythmic gymnastics are five (rope, hoop, ball, ribbon and maces), while those used in women’s art are four (jump, uneven bars, balance beam and exercises on the floor). In addition, six apparatus are used for men’s artistic gymnastics (floor exercises, horse with bows, rings, jump, parallel bars and fixed bar).
Currently, the practice of both gyms is very common, but specialized campuses in this discipline are recommended for comprehensive sports learning. In this sense, at Gymnastics Camp, a project of the Royal Spanish Gymnastics Federation, we offer the opportunity to live a training experience at the highest level to discover and share the values of gymnastics, both rhythmic and artistic. Through different modalities and programs, girls and boys can enjoy the sport with the help of a great team of Olympic professionals.